Download e-book for kindle: A Conceptual History of Psychology by John Greenwood

By John Greenwood

ISBN-10: 0072858621

ISBN-13: 9780072858624

A Conceptual historical past of Psychology is a huge historic survey that strains conceptual continuities and discontinuities within the heritage of mental suggestion. the writer connects the background of mental idea with the improvement of the background of technology, from the proto-scientific psychology of the seventeenth and 18th centuries to the institutionalized clinical psychology of the past due nineteenth century to the current day. The lucid writing variety and transparent association replicate the author's fifteen years' event educating the direction.

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Two other features are often treated as essential to science. The first is commitment to experimentation as the mark of a genuinely scientific discipline, and the second is commitment to empiricism. Experimentation Experimental sciences are those in which scientists are able to create situations in which causal conditions can be isolated and causal explanations evaluated. For example, at Camp Lazear in Havana in 1900, Walter Reed and James Carroll determined that the bite of the tiger mosquito is the cause of yellow fever by experimentally isolating human volunteers and exposing them to “noxious vapors” from swamps, contact with fellow sufferers (strictly speaking, their soiled clothing), and tiger mosquitoes—the three then-prevalent hypotheses about the cause of yellow fever.

He recognized immediately that some chemical transmitted from one heart to the other must have produced the stimulation of the second heart, and the theory of neurotransmitters was born. It is doubtful that Galileo developed his law of falling bodies from observations of balls rolling down an inclined plane. The mathematical formulation of Galileo’s law of falling bodies, the so-called mean-speed theorem, was stated by mathematicians associated with Merton College, Oxford, in the 14th century. Galileo admitted as much, claiming that he did his experiments “in order to be assured that the acceleration of heavy bodies falling naturally does follow the ratio expounded above” (1638/1974, p.

Many psychological states and behaviors can be objects of experimental analysis, yet it is not obvious that they all can. Although psychologists clearly have the ability to manipulate and control human psychology and behavior, it is not clear that they can experimentally isolate all aspects of it. In the case of social-psychological states and behavior, for example, it may not be possible to re-create social attitudes or jury behavior in isolation from their everyday social contexts. As Chapanis (1967, p.

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A Conceptual History of Psychology by John Greenwood

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