By Yongxiang Lu
A historical past of chinese language technological know-how and Technology (Volumes 1, 2 & three) offers forty four person lectures, starting with historic chinese language technology and know-how within the technique of Human Civilizations and an summary of chinese language technological know-how and know-how, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of numerous matters within the historical past of technological know-how and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with subject matters on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture and medication, The 4 nice innovations, and numerous technological components heavily on the topic of garments, nutrients, take care of and transportation.
This ebook is the main authoritative paintings at the heritage of chinese language technology and expertise. it's the Winner of the China ebook Award, the Shanghai e-book Award (1st prize), and the Classical China foreign Publishing undertaking (GAPP, normal management of Press and book of China) and provides a vital source for educational researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a sequence of forty four lectures offered to most sensible chinese language leaders, which acquired very confident suggestions. Written by way of best chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the background of typical Sciences, chinese language Academy of Sciences and plenty of different revered chinese language agencies, the ebook is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the heritage of technology, philosophy of technological know-how and know-how, and comparable disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) and chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE), and vice president of the nationwide Congress of China.
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Additional info for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1
Confucianism and Taoism interflowed to form the canonic philosophy of life for the scholar bureaucrats. After the introduction of Buddhism, some of its ideas were also absorbed, ultimately forming the mainstream ideology in which Confucianism and Taoism complemented each other. Thoughts like “In obscurity, scholars would maintain their own integrity. ” “Seek scholarly honor when young and recluse when old” affected the thinking and actions of Chinese intellectuals over 2,000 years. ” In folk tales and history books, Wang Mang was described as a conspirator who usurped the Han Empire and was thus saddled with all the notoriety.
There is certain misunderstanding here: Social property involves not only the relations of production represented by land ownership, but also the form of government and means of national management. In the above-mentioned 2,000 years, the period with “feudal” nature is very short, and the vast majority of the regimes are embodied by a centralized bureaucratic system adapted to the agricultural society. ”3 Among the rest schools of thought, some followed the technical path and evolved into expertise; some were exploited by politicians and rulers and evolved into trickery; some became too abstruse and suffered from lack of successors; some became desultory and deviated from social reality.
In mathematics, he pioneered the “gap plot technique” and “the circle method,” dealing with higher-order arithmetic sequence summation and the calculation of arc length, respectively. In physics, he pointed out the phenomenon of magnetic declination, carried out concave imaging experiment and resonance experiment, and found the influence of temperature on liquid viscosity. In geology, he proposed scientific explanations for the causes of different geology and geomorphology and improved the maprendering technology.
A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1 by Yongxiang Lu