By John H. Zammito
Zammito indicates how difficulties that Quine and Kuhn observed within the philosophy of the ordinary sciences encouraged a flip to the philosophy of language for answer. This linguistic flip ended in claims that technological know-how has to be located in either historic and social contexts, however the claims of modern "science experiences" basically deepened the philosophical situation. In essence, Zammito argues that not one of the issues of positivism presents the slightest justification for denigrating empirical inquiry and clinical perform, supplying relatively a blow to the "discipline" postmodern technology studies.
Filling a niche in scholarship up to now, A great Derangement of Epistemes will entice historians, philosophers, philosophers of technological know-how, and the wider clinical community.
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Extra info for A Nice Derangement of Epistemes: Post-positivism in the Study of Science from Quine to Latour
276 "I hold ... that the behaviorist approach is mandatory. In psychology one mayor may not be a behaviorist, but in linguistics one has no choice.... Our mental life between checkpoints is indifferent to our rating THE PERILS OF SEMANTIC ASCENT as a master of the language. "277 It is commonplace in the secondary literature to insist that Quine not be lumped with the now quite discredited views of behaviorism as a general theory of psychology or human action. There are grounds, I would counter, to question such an exemption for Quine.
This claim is at the core of indeterminacy of translation. If it is upheld, much that Quine claims cannot be withstood. If it falls, his whole position becomes susceptible to considerable revision. Quine's strongest defenders believe they can rescue indeterminacy of translation from obscurity or from fallacy on that basis. In my view, his case fails just there. We have reached the crux. I question whether Quine's thought experin1ent of radical translation could really even get off the ground. " It is not clear that Quine's field linguist could, in fact, construct a translation manual in the situation in which Quine has placed her.
The evidence relation and the semantical relation of observation to theory are coextensive. 262 In Gibson's terms: "from the point of view of epistemology, underdetermination of physical theory and indeterminacy of translation are on a par: Just as alternative ontologies can be erected on the san1e observational basis, so alternative translations of a native expression can be erected on the same observational basis. "263 While underdetermination of theory is about ontology-" it is the thesis that different systems of objects (or systems of sentences about objects) may link past and present sensory stimulations to future ones" -it remains a thesis in epistemology-"it is a statement about evidence for theory, not about truth of theory.
A Nice Derangement of Epistemes: Post-positivism in the Study of Science from Quine to Latour by John H. Zammito