By Dr. Andreas Kling, Prof. Fernando J. C. Baräo, Prof. Masayuki Nakagawa, Prof. Luis Távora, Prof. Pedro Vaz (eds.)
This booklet focusses at the cutting-edge of Monte Carlo equipment in radiation physics and particle delivery simulation and functions, the latter related to specifically, the use and improvement of electron--gamma, neutron--gamma and hadronic codes. in addition to the fundamental conception and the tools hired, distinct awareness is paid to set of rules improvement for modeling, and the research of experiments and measurements in a number of fields starting from particle to clinical physics.
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Extra resources for Advanced Monte Carlo for Radiation Physics, Particle Transport Simulation and Applications: Proceedings of the Monte Carlo 2000 Conference, Lisbon, 23–26 October 2000
17) 14 I. Lux Making use of the weight generation rules in (16) and introducing the notation M(P) = M2(P)/M1(P), (18) a little algebra yields the following equation J +J +J M(P) = T(P, P')A(P, P')f(P, P')dP' dP'T(P,P')A(P,P') dP'T(P, P')B(P, P') J J dP"C(P',P")M1(P") dP"C(P', P") · [R(P', P")M(P") - M 1 (P")], (19) where, A(P, P') = T(P, P')[f(P, P') + J dP"C(P', P")M1(P")]/T*(P, P')M1(P), B(P', P") = T(P, P') J dP"C(P', P")M1(P")/T*(P, P')M1(P), and R(P', P") = C(P', P")M1(P")/C*(P', P") j dQC(P', Q)M1(Q).
Schaal and G. Sterzenbach, "The HERMES Monte Carlo Program Systems a Versatile Tool for Spallation Physics and Detectors" • Fluka code - A. Fasso, A. Ferrari, J. Ranft and P. G. Hughes, "Status of the MCNPX Transport Code" • Mars code system - N. Mokhov and 0. Krivosheev, "MARS Code Status" • NMTC/JAERJ code - H. Takada, S. Meigo and K. Niita, "Present Status of Nucleon-Meson Transport Code NMTC/JAERJ. • GEANT 4 platform - M. Asai, "Generic Design of Physics Processes in Geant 4" • EA-MC code, coupling HET physics of Fluka with new low-energy M-C transport routines including burn-up possibilities - Y.
2 Exponential Transformation and Its Relatives For problems where deep penetration into matter is to be examined, in conventional Monte Carlo methods it is difficult to generate sufficient number of sufficiently penetrating histories in a reasonable time frame. In one-dimensional cases it is quite obvious that artificially decreasing the cross section of the material in the preferred (inward) direction and increasing it in the opposite (outward) direction would force the particle penetrate. This can be done by the transformation E* = E-bµ, (6) where b is a suitable constant and µ is the directional cosine of the flight relative to the preferred direction.
Advanced Monte Carlo for Radiation Physics, Particle Transport Simulation and Applications: Proceedings of the Monte Carlo 2000 Conference, Lisbon, 23–26 October 2000 by Dr. Andreas Kling, Prof. Fernando J. C. Baräo, Prof. Masayuki Nakagawa, Prof. Luis Távora, Prof. Pedro Vaz (eds.)