By John M. Ziman
Professor Ziman offers a coherent account of different views on technological know-how and know-how which are as a rule studied below numerous disciplinary heads corresponding to philosophy of technology, sociology of technological know-how, and technology coverage. it really is meant for college kids embarking on classes in those matters and assumes no unique wisdom of any technological know-how. it truly is written in an instantaneous and easy variety, and technical language is seldom brought. it is going to entice scholars in quite a lot of clinical disciplines and enhances Professor Ziman's past books.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, for example, the atomic model provided a simple rationale for an immense amount of empirical knowledge about chemical compounds and their reactions, including a great deal of numerical detail concerning combining weights even in reactions that had not previously been studied. It was further extended to cover numerous other properties of chemical compounds, such as their crystalline form, which could easily be explained in terms of the geometrical arrangement of spherical objects in space - right down to the elementary calculation of sizes and distances that were crucial in determining the structure of DNA, and hence explaining another vast body of biological phenomena.
Polanyi, Personal Knowledge. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1958 (pp. 120-31): this work is too large and deep to be read as a whole, but remains one of the major classics of science studies, and a prime source of insight from the point of view of an outstanding scientific mind. ' Scientific Inquiry: Problem Solving on Artificial Objects' is the title of an important chapter in J. R. Ravetz, Scientific Knowledge and its Social Problems. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971 (pp. 108-45). The connection between scientific problem-solving and cognitive science is developed by M.
De Mey, The Cognitive Paradigm. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1982 (pp. 202-26) The notion of scientific themata was introduced by G. Holton. Thematic Origins of Modem Thought. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1973 (pp. 47-68) Some of the features of serendipitous discovery are indicated by B. Barber & R. C. Fox, "The Case of the Floppy-Eared Rabbits: An Instance of Serendipity Gained and Serendipity Lost', reprinted in The Sociology of Science, ed. B. Barber & W. Hirsch, pp. 525-38. New York: The Free Press, 1962 Details of various accounts of a famous serendipitous discovery are compared instructively by S.
An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology by John M. Ziman