By Michael Nosonovsky, Bharat Bhushan (auth.), Professor Bharat Bhushan, Professor Dr. Harald Fuchs (eds.)
The scanning probe microscopy ?eld has been swiftly increasing. it's a hard activity to gather a well timed evaluate of this ?eld with an emphasis on technical dev- opments and commercial purposes. It turned glaring whereas enhancing Vols. I–IV that a huge variety of technical and applicational elements are current and speedily - veloping around the world. contemplating the good fortune of Vols. I–IV and the truth that extra colleagues from prime laboratories have been able to give a contribution their most modern achie- ments, we made up our minds to extend the sequence with articles touching ?elds no longer coated within the earlier volumes. The reaction and aid of our colleagues have been very good, making it attainable to edit one other 3 volumes of the sequence. not like to- cal convention lawsuits, the utilized scanning probe equipment intend to offer an outline of contemporary advancements as a compendium for either useful purposes and up to date simple examine effects, and novel technical advancements with recognize to instrumentation and probes. the current volumes hide 3 major parts: novel probes and strategies (Vol. V), charactarization (Vol. VI), and biomimetics and business functions (Vol. VII). quantity V contains an summary of probe and sensor applied sciences together with built-in cantilever options, electrostatic microscanners, low-noise equipment and more suitable dynamic strength microscopy concepts, high-resonance dynamic strength - croscopy and the torsional resonance approach, modelling of tip cantilever structures, scanning probe tools, methods for elasticity and adhesion measurements at the nanometer scale in addition to optical functions of scanning probe innovations in response to near?eld Raman spectroscopy and imaging.
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The scanning probe microscopy ? eld has been quickly increasing. it's a difficult activity to assemble a well timed evaluation of this ? eld with an emphasis on technical dev- opments and business purposes. It grew to become glaring whereas modifying Vols. I–IV that a huge variety of technical and applicational features are current and speedily - veloping around the globe.
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Extra info for Applied Scanning Probe Methods VII: Biomimetics and Industrial Applications
371 Contents – Volume IV 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Scanning Probe Lithography for Chemical, Biological and Engineering Applications Joseph M. Kinsella, Albena Ivanisevic . . . . . . . . 1 Nanotribological Characterization of Human Hair and Skin Using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) Bharat Bhushan, Carmen LaTorre . . . . . . . . . 35 Nanofabrication with Self-Assembled Monolayers by Scanning Probe Lithography Jayne C. Garno, James D. Batteas . . . . . . . . . 105 Fabrication of Nanometer-Scale Structures by Local Oxidation Nanolithography Marta Tello, Fernando García, Ricardo García .
12) Johnson and Detre (1964) showed that the homogeneous and composite interfaces correspond to the two states of a droplet. Even though it may be geometrically possible for the system to become composite, it may be energetically proﬁtable for the liquid to penetrate into valleys between asperities and to form the homogeneous interface. Swain and Lipowski (1998) extended the Wenzel and Cassie–Baxter model for the case of a chemically heterogeneous surface. Marmur (2003) formulated geometrical conditions for a surface under which the energy of the system has a local minimum and the composite interface may exist.
Therefore, smaller asperities make a composite interface more likely, owing to gravity. Increasing the droplet size has the same effect as increasing the period of roughness . 5 Effect of Dual Roughness It is known that natural superhydrophobic surfaces have hierarchical roughness at two scale ranges: microroughness and nanoroughness (Fig. 8), although the reason for this is still obscure [8, 14, 24, 29, 47]. It was suggested by Nosonovsky and Bhushan (2006c) that nanoroughness is required to enhance the stability of the composite interface.
Applied Scanning Probe Methods VII: Biomimetics and Industrial Applications by Michael Nosonovsky, Bharat Bhushan (auth.), Professor Bharat Bhushan, Professor Dr. Harald Fuchs (eds.)